Chesapeake Energy may file for bankruptcy

Chesapeake Energy slides as company considers bankruptcy, strategic alternatives

Shares of Chesapeake Energy (CHK) are tumbling after the company warned that it might not be able to stay in business amid low commodity prices caused by a global price war and depressed demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Chesapeake is near bankruptcy

EVALUATING STRATEGIC ALTERNATIVES:

On Monday, Chesapeake Energy announced that it filed its Form 10-Q for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 and, in light of the unprecedented market environment, has withdrawn the financial outlook it previously provided on February 26, 2020.

The company also reinstated a “going concern” warning. “Fluctuations in oil and natural gas prices have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and quantities of oil, natural gas and NGL reserves that may be economically produced.

Historically, oil and natural gas prices have been volatile; however, the volatility in the prices for these commodities has substantially increased as a result of COVID-19 and the OPEC+ decisions […]

Historical oil prices represented in 2020 dollar, Stockwinners

If the current depressed prices persist, combined with the scheduled reductions in the leverage ratio covenant and an expected significant reduction in our borrowing base in our scheduled determination, then our liquidity and our ability to comply with our financial covenants during the next 12 months will be adversely affected,” Chesapeake said in the filing.

Boom to bust for CHK

“Based on our current forecast, we do not expect to be in compliance with our financial covenants beginning in the fourth quarter of 2020. Failure to comply with these covenants, if not waived, would result in an event of default under our revolving credit facility, the potential acceleration of outstanding debt thereunder and the potential foreclosure on the collateral securing such debt, and could cause a cross-default under our other outstanding indebtedness.

As a result of the impacts to the company’s financial position resulting from declining industry conditions and in consideration of the substantial amount of long-term debt outstanding, the company has engaged advisors to assist with the evaluation of strategic alternatives, which may include, but not be limited to, seeking a restructuring, amendment or refinancing of existing debt through a private restructuring or reorganization under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code.

However, there can be no assurances that the company will be able to successfully restructure its indebtedness, improve its financial position or complete any strategic transactions. As a result of these uncertainties and the likelihood of a restructuring or reorganization, management has concluded that there is substantial doubt about the company’s ability to continue as a going concern.”

REVERSE STOCK SPLITs NEVER WORK:

Chesapeake stock has lost about 50% of it’s value since a 1-for-200 reverse stock split took effect after the close of trading on April 14, 2020.

The company had implemented the reverse split to raise its share price enough to regain compliance with listing standards, but it was viewed as validation of investor concerns as the company struggled with falling commodities prices, high debt levels and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the author added.

The company lost its way after Aubrey McClendon, a founder and former chief executive of Chesapeake Energy, died in a fiery car crash in 2016, a day after he was charged with conspiring to rig bids for oil and natural gas leases. Many believe he committed suicide.

Aubrey McClendon

McClendon — a key player in the U.S. shale boom — co-founded Chesapeake in 1989 and stepped down from the company in 2013. Chesapeake used to be the second-largest natural gas producer in the United States.

PRICE ACTION: In afternoon trading on Tuesday, shares of Chesapeake have dropped almost 22% to $10.13.

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Uber in talks to acquire GrubHub

Uber made all-stock offer to acquire GrubHub, WSJ reports

Shares of food delivery company GrubHub are sharply higher after the Wall Street Journal reported that Uber Technologies (UBER) approached GrubHub (GRUB) earlier this year with a takeover offer and the parent company of Uber Eats and its rival service operator continue to discuss a possible combination.

Uber may buy GrubHub, Stockwinners

Uber is seeking to acquire GrubHub in an all-stock deal that would reshape the meal-delivery business, but “it’s far from guaranteed the talks will produce a deal,” according to the report.

UberEats has 25% of the food delivery market, Stockwinners

Bloomberg’s Ed Hammond has separately reported this morning that Uber has made an offer to acquire GrubHub.

The companies are in talks about a deal and could reach an agreement as soon as this month, sources told Bloomberg. 

“While our Rides business has been hit hard by the ongoing pandemic, we have taken quick action to preserve the strength of our balance sheet, focus additional resources on Uber Eats, and prepare us for any recovery scenario,” said Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi.

Uber has a market cap of $57B

Uber Eats is a direct competitor to Grubhub, with Grubhub controlling  26.7% of the market while Uber holds a 25.2% market share. 

Grubhub has a market cap of more than $5.3 billion. Uber has a market cap of $57 billion.

GrubHub (GRUB) is seeking 2.15 Uber (UBER) share in exchange for each of its own shares in a potential takeover and Uber’s board is expected to review the latest GrubHub counter proposal, according to The Wall Street Journal, citing sources.

NEEDHAM

After Bloomberg reported that Uber (UBER) has approached GrubHub (GRUB) with a takeover offer, Needham analyst Brad Erickson said such a deal would be consistent with his bullish thesis that Uber Eats could eliminate as much as $500M of its roughly $1.2B in losses last year through such a GrubHub acquisition.

With Uber having exited India and seven other unprofitable markets, Erickson thinks investors would “further recognize a dramatically clearer picture towards food delivery profitability” if a GrubHub deal were to occur, he added. Erickson reiterates a Buy rating and $42 target on Uber shares.

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Amazon may buy AMC Movie Theatres

As AMC considers bankruptcy, Amazon may snap up the company

Amazon.com (AMZN) has held talks to acquire the troubled movie chain AMC Entertainment Holdings (AMC), but it is unclear if the discussions are still active, Jamie Nimmo of Daily Mail reports, citing sources.

The companies are thought to have held talks about a potential takeover of AMC by Amazon, the sources said.

Amazon may buy AMC

Buying a cinema chain would enable Amazon to control the screening of films, giving it greater dominance of the industry. Amazon’s interest in cinemas is not new. 

In 2018, Amazon looked at buying American arthouse cinema chain Landmark Theatres, but lost out to the eventual buyer, Cohen Media Group. Netflix was also reportedly in the running to buy Landmark.

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Amazon.com is in talks to buy AMC, Stockwinners

However, a takeover of AMC would be on a different scale as Landmark only had about 250 screens in the US, while AMC has about 1,000 around the world.

Amazon certainly has the means to buy AMC, whose stock market value has collapsed in recent years to just $420million.

In a sign of bad times in the movie business, earlier this month AMC Theatres (AMC) sent a letter to Universal Studios (CMCSA) chairman Donna Langley, saying that, going forward, AMC will not license any Universal films in any of its 1,000 globally effective immediately.

Amazon bought supermarket chain Whole Foods Market in 2017 in a sign that the company was willing to spend money buying non-web-based companies. 

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Amazon bought Wholefoods in 2017

AMC was bought by Chinese conglomerate Dalian Wanda for $2.6 billion in 2012, but it bought back $600 million worth of shares in 2018 after Beijing cracked down on overseas investments by Chinese companies.

Under Wanda, AMC launched a major expansion plan, and in 2016 bought Odeon in the UK for £920 million from British financier Guy Hands’ private equity firm, Terra Firma, and US group Carmike Cinemas for $1.1 billion.

The deals turned AMC into the world’s largest cinema company, with 1,000 outlets and 10,000 screens around the world.

However, the expansion plan backfired and left AMC saddled with debts that are now close to $ 5billion. Last month, AMC raised $500 million from bond investors in an effort to stay afloat during the crisis. 

However, investors still questioned whether AMC could avoid bankruptcy, given its parlous financial state.

A group of AMC’s lenders reportedly hired lawyers to advise on restructuring options last month, underlining AMC’s financial strife. 

In Monday’s pre-market trading, AMC shares are up 70% to $7.00. AMZN closed at $2379.61.

Read our blog about AMC.

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Norwegian Cruise Line shores up its balance sheet, raises $2B

NCL Corporation announces $400M investment by L Catterton

Norwegian Cruise proposes $650M note sale

Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings (NCLH) announced a private placement of up to $400 million in aggregate principal amount of exchangeable senior notes due 2026 to an affiliate of L Catterton.

Norwegian raises $2 billion to shore up its balance sheet

The Private Exchangeable Notes will be general senior unsecured obligations of NCLC, guaranteed by NCLH, and will be exchangeable at the holder’s option at any time prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding the maturity date into Series A Preference Shares of NCLC, which shall be automatically exchangeable into a number of ordinary shares of NCLH.

Material Terms: The Private Exchangeable Notes will accrue payment-in-kind interest at a rate of 7.0% per annum for the first year post-issuance, 4.5% per annum payment-in-kind interest plus 3.0% per annum cash interest for the following four years post issuance and 7.5% in cash for the final year prior to maturity; L Catterton will be entitled to nominate one member to the Company’s board of directors so long as a minimum ownership threshold is met, as well as one observer to the Company’s board of directors; The closing of the Private Exchangeable Notes is expected to occur upon the satisfaction of certain customary closing conditions, including a condition that the Company raises at least $1.0 billion in proceeds in the aggregate from other offerings; L Catterton will have certain registration rights in respect of the ordinary shares underlying the Private Exchangeable Notes and will be subject to certain customary transfer, voting and standstill restrictions, including a one-year lock-up agreement.

Share Offerings

Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings announced an underwritten public offering of $350 million of ordinary shares of the company.

The company intends to grant the underwriters an option to purchase up to $52.5 million of additional ordinary shares.

The company expects to use the net proceeds from the Offering for general corporate purposes. Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, Barclays Capital Inc., Citigroup Global Markets Inc., J.P. Morgan Securities LLC and Mizuho Securities USA LLC are acting as joint book-running managers for the Offering.

Goldman Sachs

Goldman Sachs analyst Stephen Grambling lowered the firm’s price target on Norwegian Cruise Line to $15 from $34 as he updated his estimates to reflect canceled itineraries through July, a sluggish recovery in 2020-2021 and capital markets activity over the past few weeks, but not the cruise operator’s just announced and pending transactions.

After the company announced plans to raise $600M of senior secured debt, $650M of exchangeable notes, and $350M in equity, and placed $400mn of exchangeable notes with Catterton Partners, Grambling said the added $2B in liquidity provides the company with runway of over 14 months at company estimated cash burn rates. He keeps a Neutral rating on Norwegian shares.

NCLH is down $2.80 to $11.65. We believe shares have found support at these levels.

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Retail bankruptcy filings are coming

J. Crew files for bankruptcy; Madewell to remain part of J.Crew

J.Crew Group announced it has reached an agreement with its lenders holding approximately 71% of its Term Loan and approximately 78% of its IPCo Notes, as well as with its financial sponsors, under which the Company will restructure its debt and deleverage its balance sheet, positioning J.Crew and Madewell for long-term success.

Madewell to remain part of the J.Crew Company, Stockwinners

Under the terms of the Transaction Support Agreement, the Company’s lenders will convert approximately $1.65 billion of the Company’s debt into equity.

To facilitate the restructuring contemplated by the TSA, the parent company of J.Crew Group, Inc., Chinos Holdings, Inc. and certain affiliates, have filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.

The Company has secured commitments for a debtor-in-possession financing facility of $400 million and committed exit financing provided by existing lenders Anchorage Capital Group, L.L.C., GSO Capital Partners and Davidson Kempner Capital Management LP, among others.

Subject to Court approval, the DIP financing, combined with the Company’s projected cash flows, is expected to support its operations during the restructuring process.

As part of the TSA, Madewell will remain part of J.Crew Group, Inc.

Libby Wadle will continue in her role as CEO of Madewell.

J.Crew files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, Stockwinners

“This agreement with our lenders represents a critical milestone in the ongoing process to transform our business with the goal of driving long-term, sustainable growth for J.Crew and further enhancing Madewell’s growth momentum,” said Jan Singer, CEO, J.Crew Group.

Neiman Marcus is expected to file for bankruptcy protection too

“Throughout this process, we will continue to provide our customers with the exceptional merchandise and service they expect from us, and we will continue all day-to-day operations, albeit under these extraordinary COVID-19-related circumstances.

Pier 1 Imports filed for bankruptcy protection

As we look to reopen our stores as quickly and safely as possible, this comprehensive financial restructuring should enable our business and brands to thrive for years to come.”

GNC is also expected to file for bankruptcy protection

The Company has filed a series of customary “first day” motions with the Bankruptcy Court seeking to maintain its operations during the restructuring process to help facilitate a smooth transition into Chapter 11.

JCP is inline for bankruptcy filing protection following weak sales

Note that in 2011, TPG Capital LP and Leonard Green & Partners LP privatized J.Crew in a $3 billion leveraged buyout.

Recent bankrupt retailers include Forever 21 and Pier 1 Imports.

Forever 21 filed for bankruptcy protection recently

Other retailers that may file for bankruptcy in the near future include: Neiman Marcus, JCP, GNC, and AEO. Note that Gaps (GPS) has been suffering from soft retail sales. Lands’ End (LE) is also suffering from soft sales.

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Loral Space in ‘advanced talks’ to combine with Telesat

Loral Space & Communications declares $5.50 per share special dividend

Loral Space & Communications (LORL) announced that its board of directors has declared a special dividend of $5.50 per share for an aggregate dividend of approximately $170.5M.

The dividend is payable on May 28 to holders of record of Loral voting and non-voting common stock as of the close of business on May 14.

Loral declares a one time $5.50 special dividend, Stockwinners

Michael Targoff, Vice Chairman of Loral’s Board of Directors, explained that, “in an effort to maximize shareholder value, we have for some time been exploring, and are now in advanced discussions with our Canadian co-owner in Telesat, Public Sector Pension Investment Board, regarding the combination of Loral and Telesat into one public company.

Telesat to combine with Loral Space, Stockwinners

“Given the advanced state of the discussions regarding the combination transaction, it is now appropriate to pay to our shareholders a significant portion of the $243M cash distribution that we previously received from Telesat.”

“It is our intention,” Mr. Targoff continued, “to request that the Board declare an additional distribution to our shareholders in coordination with signing definitive agreements for the combination transaction.”

The company added: “Notwithstanding the advanced state of the discussions regarding the potential combination transaction, there can be no assurance as to whether or when Loral will be able to conclude the ongoing negotiations, that Loral will enter into any agreement that provides for a strategic transaction involving Telesat or Loral’s interest therein, that any strategic transaction will occur, or that any particular economic, tax, structural or other objectives or benefits with respect to any strategic transaction will be achieved.”

Loral Space & Communications Inc. offers satellite-based communications services to the broadcast, telecom, corporate, and government customers worldwide.

Telesat, formerly Telesat Canada, is a Canadian satellite communications company.  The company is now the fourth-largest fixed satellite services provider in the world. It owns a fleet of satellites, with others under construction, and operates additional satellites for other entities.

LORL is up 31% to $23.10.

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Willis Towers Watson sold for $30B in stock

Aon plc to combine with Willis Towers Watson in all-stock transaction

Aon plc (AON) and Willis Towers Watson (WLTW) announced a definitive agreement to combine in an all-stock transaction with an implied combined equity value of approximately $80B.

The combined company, to be named Aon, will be “the premier, technology-enabled global professional services firm focused on the areas of risk, retirement and health,” the companies stated.

Willis Tower Watson merges with AON, Stockwinners

Aon will maintain operating headquarters in London, United Kingdom. John Haley will take on the role of Executive Chairman with a focus on growth and innovation strategy.

The combined firm will be led by Greg Case and Aon Chief Financial Officer Christa Davies.

AON merges with Willis Tower Watson

Under the terms of the agreement unanimously approved by the Boards of Directors of both companies, each Willis Towers Watson shareholder will receive 1.08 Aon ordinary shares for each Willis Towers Watson ordinary share, and Aon shareholders will continue to own the same number of ordinary shares in the combined company as they do immediately prior to the closing.

Upon completion of the combination, existing Aon shareholders will own approximately 63% and existing Willis Towers Watson shareholders will own approximately 37% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis.

Aon anticipates that the transaction will provide annual pre-tax synergies and other cost reductions of $800M by the third full year of combination, thereby allowing the firm to continue significant investment in innovation and growth. Potential revenue synergies due to complementary capabilities are expected but not included in the synergy estimates.

The transaction is expected to be accretive to Aon adjusted EPS in the first full year of the combination with peak adjusted EPS accretion in the high teens after full realization of $800M of pre-tax synergies.

Willis Towers Watson and Aon anticipate savings of $267M in the first full year of the combination, reaching $600M in the second full year, with the full $800M achieved in the third full year.

Free cash flow accretion is expected to breakeven in the second full year of the combination with free cash flow accretion of more than 10% after full realization of synergies.

The transaction is expected to generate over $10B of shareholder value creation from the capitalized value of the expected pre-tax synergies, based on the blended 2020 price to earnings ratio of Willis Towers Watson and Aon UK on 6 March 2020, net of $2.0B in one-time transaction, retention and integration costs.

WTLW last traded at $193.13. AON last traded at $192.15.

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Northview REIT sold for $4.8B

Northview REIT to be acquired by Starlight, KingSett for $36.25 per unit

Northview Apartment Real Estate Investment Trust (NPRUF) announced that it has entered into an arrangement agreement with affiliates of Starlight Group Property Holdings pursuant to which the Purchasers will acquire Northview, and the holders of Northview’s outstanding trust units will receive $36.25 per Unit in cash in a transaction valued at $4.8 billion including net debt.

Northview REIT sold for $4.8B, Stockwinners

Under the Arrangement Agreement, the Purchasers will acquire Northview, and the holders of Northview’s outstanding Units will receive $36.25 per Unit.

The Offer Price represents a total equity value of approximately $2.5 billion on a fully diluted basis and a total transaction value of approximately $4.8 billion including the assumption of net debt. The Transaction is not subject to a financing condition.

Unitholders will be able to elect to receive 100% of the Offer Price in the form of cash.

Starlight buys Northview REIT, Stockwinners

Alternatively, unitholders may elect to receive all or a portion of the Offer Price in units of a new, multi-residential fund that would own a geographically diverse portfolio of Northview properties located in six Canadian provinces and two territories.

The High Yield Fund will apply to list its units on a Canadian securities exchange concurrently with the close of the Transaction. The listing will be subject to the High Yield Fund fulfilling all of the initial listing requirements and conditions of the Exchange.

Further details with respect to the High Yield Fund will be provided in the management information circular to be mailed to Northview Unitholders. Elections to receive High Yield Fund units will be subject to proration.

All-Cash Elections will not be subject to proration. Unitholders not specifying an election will be deemed to have elected to receive the All-Cash Consideration.

Pursuant to the Arrangement Agreement, Northview has an initial 30-day go-shop period, beginning on February 19, 2020 and ending on March 20, 2020, during which it is permitted to actively solicit, evaluate and enter into negotiations with third parties that express an interest in acquiring Northview. Northview has the option to extend the Go-Shop Period by up to 30 days, in certain circumstances.

Mr. Daniel Drimmer, Chief Executive Officer and President of Starlight, has committed to vote the Units he beneficially owns, controls or directs in favour of, or tender his Units into, any all-cash superior proposal received during the Go-Shop Period, subject to certain terms and conditions, pursuant to a voting and support agreement.

The Arrangement Agreement also provides a two-tier termination fee structure such that if Northview is successful in completing a transaction pursuant to a superior proposal received during the Go-Shop Period, there will be a termination fee payable to the Purchasers of $37.7 million.

If a transaction is completed pursuant to a superior proposal received following the expiry of the Go-Shop Period, the Purchasers will be entitled to a termination fee of $88.0 million.

The Purchasers will have the right to match any superior proposals received either during or after the Go-Shop Period. The Transaction is structured as a statutory plan of arrangement under the Alberta Business Corporations Act.

Completion of the Transaction requires approval of at least 66 2/3% of the votes cast by unitholders and holders of special voting units, as well as the approval by a simple majority of votes cast by disinterested unitholders and holders of special voting units, excluding Starlight, its affiliates and any other unitholders required to be excluded under Multilateral Instrument 61-101 – Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions.

The Transaction is also subject to approval of the Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench, regulatory approvals, consents and approvals from Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation and certain of Northview’s lenders and the satisfaction of other customary closing conditions.

Northview expects to continue to pay a monthly distribution of $0.1358 per trust unit through closing of the Transaction. The Transaction is expected to close by Q3 of 2020.

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Morgan Stanley to acquire E-Trade for $58.74 per share

Morgan Stanley acquires E-Trade in all-stock deal valued at $13B

Morgan Stanley (MS) and E-Trade Financial (ETFC) have entered into a definitive agreement under which Morgan Stanley will acquire E-Trade in an all-stock transaction valued at approximately $13B.

Etrade sold for $13 B, Stockwinners

Under the terms of the agreement, E-Trade stockholders will receive 1.0432 Morgan Stanley shares for each E-Trade share, which represents per share consideration of $58.74 based on the closing price of Morgan Stanley.

The acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions, including regulatory approvals and approval by E-Trade shareholders, and is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Morgan Stanley pays $13B for Etrade. Stockwinners

The transaction provides “significant upside potential” for shareholders of both Morgan Stanley and E-Trade, the company said in a statement.

“Shareholders from both companies will benefit from potential cost savings estimated at approximately $400 million from maximizing efficiencies of technology infrastructure, optimizing shared corporate services and combining the bank entities, as well as potential funding synergies of approximately $150 million from optimizing E-Trade’s approximate $56 billion of deposits,” they said.

Morgan Stanley said its “full-service, advisor-driven model coupled with E-Trade”s direct-to-consumer and digital capabilities, will allow the combined business to have best-in-class product and service offerings to support the full spectrum of wealth.”

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Legg Mason sold for $6.5B including debt assumption

Franklin Templeton to acquire Legg Mason for $50.00 per share in cash

Franklin Resources (BEN) announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Legg Mason (LM) for $50.00 per share of common stock in an all-cash transaction.

The company will also assume approximately $2B of Legg Mason’s outstanding debt.

Franklin Templeton buys Legg Mason for $4.5B, Stockwinners

The acquisition of Legg Mason and its multiple investment affiliates, which collectively manage over $806 billion in assets as of January 31, will establish Franklin Templeton as one of the world’s largest independent, specialized global investment managers with a combined $1.5 trillion in assets under management, or AUM, across one of the broadest ranges of high-quality investment teams in the industry.

Legg Mason sold for $4.5B cash and $2B debt assumptions, Stockwinners

The combined footprint of the organization will significantly deepen Franklin Templeton’s presence in key geographies and create an expansive investment platform that is well balanced between institutional and retail client AUM.

In addition, the combined platform creates a strong separately managed account business. Trian Fund Management, L.P. and funds managed by it, which collectively own approximately 4 million shares or 4.5% of the outstanding stock of Legg Mason, have entered into a voting agreement in support of the transaction.

With this acquisition, Franklin Templeton will preserve the autonomy of Legg Mason’s affiliates, ensuring that their investment philosophies, processes and brands remain unchanged.

As with any acquisition, the pending integration of Legg Mason’s parent company into Franklin Templeton’s, including the global distribution operations at the parent company level, will take time and only commence after careful and deliberate consideration.

Following the closing of the transaction, Jenny Johnson will continue to serve as president and CEO, and Greg Johnson will continue to serve as executive chairman of the Board of Franklin Resources, Inc.

There will be no changes to the senior management teams of Legg Mason’s investment affiliates.

Global headquarters will remain in San Mateo, CA and the combined firm will operate as Franklin Templeton.

The all-cash consideration of $4.5 billion will be funded from the Company’s existing balance sheet cash.

Franklin Templeton will also assume approximately $2 billion in Legg Mason’s outstanding debt.

Upon closing of the transaction, Franklin Templeton expects to maintain a robust balance sheet and considerable financial flexibility with pro forma gross debt of approximately $2.7 billion with remaining cash and investments of approximately $5.3 billion.

This transaction is designed to preserve the Company’s financial strength and stability with modest leverage, significant liquidity and strong cash flow to provide ongoing flexibility to invest in further growth and innovation.

This transaction is expected to generate upper twenties percentage GAAP EPS accretion in Fiscal 2021 (based on street consensus earnings estimates for each company), excluding one-time charges, non-recurring and acquisition related expenses.

While cost synergies have not been a strategic driver of the transaction, there are opportunities to realize efficiencies through parent company rationalization and global distribution optimization.

These are expected to result in approximately $200 million in annual cost savings, net of significant growth investments Franklin Templeton expects to make in the combined business and in addition to Legg Mason’s previously announced cost savings.

The majority of these savings are expected to be realized within a year, following the close of the transaction, with the remaining synergies being realized over the next one to two years.

The transaction has been unanimously approved by the boards of Franklin Resources, Inc. and Legg Mason, Inc.

This transaction is subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of applicable regulatory approvals and approval by Legg Mason’s shareholders, and is expected to close no later than the third calendar quarter of 2020.

LM closed at $40.72. BEN closed at $24.36.

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Changyou.com sold for $579M

Changyou.com enters into definitive agreement for going private transaction

Changyou.com (CYOU) announced that it has entered into a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger with Sohu Game, an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of Sohu.com (SOHU), and Changyou Merger, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Sohu Game, pursuant to which the company will be acquired by the Sohu Group in an all-cash transaction implying an equity value of the company of approximately $579M.

Changeyou.com sold to Sohu, Stockwinners.com

Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger, each Class A ordinary share of the company issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, other than the Excluded Shares, will be cancelled and cease to exist, in exchange for the right to receive $5.40 in cash without interest, and each outstanding American depositary share of the company, other than the ADSs representing the Excluded Shares, will be cancelled in exchange for the right to receive $10.80 in cash without interest.

Sohu buys Changeyou.com, Stockwinners

The Merger Consideration represents a premium of 82.4% to the closing price of the company’s ADSs on September 6, 2019, the last trading day prior to the company’s announcement of its receipt of the “going-private” proposal, and a premium of 70.1% to the average closing price of the company’s ADSs during the 30 trading days prior to its receipt of the “going-private” proposal.

The Sohu Group intends to fund the Merger primarily with debt financing.

The Sohu Group has delivered a copy of an executed debt commitment letter to the company pursuant to which Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited, Tokyo Branch will provide, subject to the terms and conditions set forth therein, an amount sufficient to fund in full the consummation of Merger and the other transactions related thereto.

The company’s board, acting upon the unanimous recommendation of a committee of independent and disinterested directors established by the board, approved the Merger Agreement and the Merger.

The Special Committee negotiated the terms of the Merger Agreement with the assistance of its financial and legal advisors.

Because the Sohu Group owns over 90% of the voting power represented by all issued and outstanding shares of the company, the Merger will be in the form of a short-form merger of Merger Co. with and into Changyou in accordance with section 233(7) of the Companies Law of the Cayman Islands, with Changyou being the company surviving the Merger.

Shareholder approval of the Merger Agreement and the Merger is not required.

The Merger is currently expected to close in Q2 of 2020. If completed, the Merger will result in the company becoming a privately-owned company wholly owned directly and indirectly by Sohu, its ADSs will no longer be listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, and the ADS program will be terminated.

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Xperi and TiVo to merge

Xperi and TiVo to merge in all-stock deal worth $3B

Xperi (XPER) and TiVo (TIVO) announced they entered into a definitive agreement to combine in an all-stock transaction, representing approximately $3B of combined enterprise value.

The transaction creates a leading consumer and entertainment technology business and one of the industry’s largest intellectual property, or IP, licensing platforms with a diverse portfolio of entertainment and semiconductor intellectual property.

The merger agreement provides for a 0.455 fixed exchange ratio, which implies a 15% premium to TiVo’s shareholders based on each of Xperi’s and TiVo’s 90-day volume-weighted average share prices.

Tivo and Xperi to merge, Stockwinners

At close, Xperi shareholders will own approximately 46.5% of the combined business, and TiVo shareholders will own approximately 53.5%.

Under the terms of the merger agreement, the shares of TiVo and Xperi stockholders will be converted into the shares of the new parent company based on a fixed exchange ratio of 0.455 Xperi share per existing TiVo share. Upon completion of the merger, Xperi stockholders will own approximately 46.5% and TiVo stockholders will own approximately 53.5% of the new parent company on a fully diluted basis.

In connection with the transaction each company’s debt will be refinanced on a combined basis.

Tivo and Xperi to merge, Stockwinners

To meet this objective, the companies have secured $1.1B of committed financing from Bank of America and Royal Bank of Canada.

Following the completion of the transaction, Xperi’s CCEO, Jon Kirchner, will serve as CEO of the new parent company and Xperi’s CFO, Robert Andersen, will serve as CFO.

TiVo’s CEO, David Shull, will continue as a strategic advisor to ensure a successful integration.

The board of the new parent company will consist of seven directors, including Xperi CEO Jon Kirchner, in addition to three directors appointed by Xperi and three directors appointed by TiVo.

The Chair of the Board will be selected by the independent directors of the board.

The new parent company will assume the Xperi name but will continue to provide entertainment services under the TiVo brand, alongside Xperi’s premium DTS, HD Radio, and IMAX Enhanced brands.

The company will be headquartered in San Jose, California.

This transaction has been approved by the boards of both companies and is expected to close during Q2 of 2020, subject to regulatory approvals, the approval by the shareholders of each company, and other customary closing conditions.

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Tallgrass Energy sold for $3 billion

Blackstone affiliates to buy Tallgrass Class A shares for $22.45 per share

Tallgrass Energy (TGE) announced earlier that it has entered into a definitive merger agreement pursuant to which affiliates of Blackstone Infrastructure (BX) together with affiliates of Enagas, GIC, NPS and USS. will acquire all of the publicly-held outstanding Class A Shares of TGE for $22.45 in cash per Class A share.

The transaction is expected to close in Q2 of 2020, subject to the satisfaction of customary conditions, including approval of the merger by holders of a majority of the outstanding Class A and Class B Shares of TGE, voting together as a single class, inclusive of the approximately 44% of the total Class A and Class B shares held by the sponsors.

Tallgrass Energy sold for $3B, Stockwinners

Upon closing of the transaction, the Class A Shares will cease to be publicly traded. Pursuant to the merger agreement, TGE has agreed not to pay distributions during the pendency of the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

Tallgrass Energy, LP provides crude oil transportation services to customers in Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, and the surrounding regions of the United States. The company operates through three segments: Natural Gas Transportation; Crude Oil Transportation; and Gathering, Processing & Terminalling. 

The conflicts committee of the board of directors of Tallgrass Energy GP, TGE’s general partner, after consultation with its independent legal and financial advisors, unanimously approved the transaction and determined it to be in the best interests of TGE and its public shareholders.

Stocks to Watch, Stocks to Trade, Stockwinners
Blackstone buys Tallgrass Energy for $3B, Stockwinners

The sponsors expect to fund the purchase of the Class A Shares with approximately $3B of equity, with the remainder of the funding necessary to consummate the transaction provided by debt.

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Tech Data sold for $5.4 billion

Tech Data to be acquired by Apollo Global for $130 per share in cash

Tech Data (TECD) announced it has entered into a definitive agreement to be acquired by an affiliate of funds managed by affiliates of Apollo Global Management (APO).

Tech Data is taken private at $130 per share, Stockwinners

Through the agreement, the affiliate of the Apollo Funds will acquire all of the outstanding shares of Tech Data common stock for $130 per share in a transaction with an enterprise value of approximately $5.4B.

Apollo buys Tech Data for $5.4B, Stockwinners

The purchase price represents a 24.5% premium to the unaffected 30-day volume weighted average closing share price of Tech Data’s common stock ended October 15, the last trading day prior to published market speculation regarding a potential transaction involving the company.

The Tech Data Board of Directors has unanimously approved the transaction and recommends that Tech Data shareholders vote in favor of the transaction.

The transaction is not subject to a financing condition and is expected to close in the first half of calendar year 2020, subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions including expiration or termination of the applicable waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act, foreign regulatory approvals and approval by the holders of a majority of the outstanding Tech Data shares.

Tech Data expects to hold a Special Meeting of Shareholders to consider and vote on the transaction agreement as soon as feasible after the mailing of the proxy statement to shareholders.

Consistent with the Board’s commitment to maximizing shareholder value, the terms of the agreement provide that Tech Data will be permitted to actively solicit alternative acquisition proposals from third parties during a “go-shop” period from the date of the agreement until December 9.

There is no guarantee that this process will result in a superior proposal. Following the close of the transaction, Rich Hume will continue to lead Tech Data as CEO, and the company will continue to be headquartered in Clearwater, Florida.

Tech Data will become a privately held company, and Tech Data’s common shares will no longer be publicly listed.

Tech Data Corporation operates as an IT distribution and solutions company. The company offers endpoint portfolio solutions, including personal computer systems, mobile phones and accessories, printers, peripherals, supplies, endpoint technology software, and consumer electronics. It also provides advanced portfolio solutions, such as data center technologies comprising storage, networking, servers, advanced technology software, and converged and hyper-converged infrastructure, as well as specialized solutions. 

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Epizyme jumps on $100M investment

Royalty Pharma to purchase future royalties on tazemetostat from Eisai

Royalty Pharma announced that it has agreed to pay $330M to purchase Eisai Co.’s (ESALY) royalties on future worldwide sales of tazemetostat, Epizyme’s (EPZM) lead investigational agent, outside of Japan, and made an equity investment in Epizyme of $100M, with options to invest up to an additional $100M in Epizyme common stock.

In addition, investment funds managed by Pharmakon Advisors agreed to provide $70M in senior-secured loans with the possibility to fund up to $370M over time.

Tazemetostat is a first-in-class, oral EZH2 inhibitor in clinical development for certain oncology indications, including epithelioid sarcoma and follicular lymphoma.

Epizyme receives a $100M investment, Stockwinners

Under a collaboration agreement between Epizyme and Eisai, Epizyme is responsible for the development and worldwide commercialization of tazemetostat (outside of Japan) and Eisai is responsible for the development and commercialization of tazemetostat in Japan.

As part of the agreement, Epizyme owes milestones and royalties on sales of tazemetostat outside of Japan to Eisai, and Eisai owes royalties on sales of tazemetostat in Japan to Epizyme.

Under the terms of its agreement with Eisai, Royalty Pharma has acquired Eisai’s future worldwide royalties on net sales by Epizyme of tazemetostat outside of Japan, for an upfront payment of $110M plus up to an additional $220M for the remainder of the royalty upon FDA approval of tazemetostat for certain indications.

Under the terms of its agreement with Epizyme, Royalty Pharma will make an upfront payment of $100M for shares of Epizyme common stock based on a price of $15 per share.

Royalty Pharma makes $100M investment in Epizyme, Stockwinners

Epizyme has an 18-month option to sell an additional $50M of its common stock to Royalty Pharma at then prevailing prices, not to exceed $20 per share, and Royalty Pharma has a three-year option to purchase an additional 2.5M shares of Epizyme common stock at $20 per share.

In addition, Royalty Pharma will make additional payments to Epizyme if annual net sales of tazemetostat outside of Japan exceed certain thresholds, and Epizyme has assigned to Royalty Pharma the future royalty streams on tazemetostat sales in Japan previously owed to Epizyme by Eisai.

Epizyme has also agreed to appoint a representative from Royalty Pharma to its board of directors. Under the terms of the loan agreement with Epizyme, investment funds managed by Pharmakon Advisors will fund $25M at closing and up to an additional $45M in two tranches.

In addition, the loan agreement contemplates the potential for an additional $300M, subject to mutual agreement of the parties. The loans will have a coupon of LIBOR + 7.75% and a 5-year maturity.

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